Plants in Western Port | City of Casey
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Plants in Western Port

Mangroves

Mangroves are small trees with breathing roots that live between high and low tide. 

mangroves in Western Port

Quick facts

  • Fish, crabs and insects live in mangroves and are an important part of the marine food chain
  • Mangroves protect shorelines from wave erosion
  • Mangrove forests expand by creating their own soil from trapping sediments
  • Western Port is one the most southern places that mangroves occur

Help protect them

  • Avoid walking, riding or driving through mangrove areas
  • Take care when boating or fishing not to damage mangrove roots
  • Don't dump rubbish and litter in coastal areas

Download the mangroves factsheet for more information.

    Seagrass

    Seagrass are flowering plants living completely submerged in salty water.

    seagrass at Western Port

    Quick facts

    • Seagrasses act as a nursery and refuge for small marine organisms, seahorses, juvenile whiting and crabs
    • Seagrasses form large meadows that stabilise the seabed and influence water quality
    • Soil erosion from the cachment can smother seagrass
    • Seagrasses absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen in daytime and the reverse occurs at night

    Help protect them

    • Reduce runoff and pollution from farming activities
    • Plant indigenous plants on banks to reduce erosion
    • Avoid anchoring and driving boats through seagrass beds at low tide

    Download the seagrass factsheet for more information.

    Saltmash

    A saltmash relies on temporary saltwater inundation for its unique plant life.

    saltmarsh in Western Port

    Quick facts

    • Saltmarsh is extremely diverse with grasses, reeds, sedges, rushes and succulent herbs and shrubs
    • It provides nutrients for messels, crabs, oysters and other shellfish
    • It is highly sensitive and can be easily damaged, with a slow recovery
    • It requires protection by mangroves to flourish

    Help protect them

    • Tread lightly when walking in a saltmarsh
    • Fence off saltmarsh from livestock
    • Don't take trail bikes or 4WDs into a saltmarsh area

    Download the saltmarsh factsheet for more information.

    Coastal woodlands

    Coastal woodlands provide habitat and assist with erosion control and water filtration.

    Rutherford Inlet flora

    Quick facts

    • Swamp paperbacks sit on the edge of swamps and provide shelter and food for bees and birds
    • Large gum trees over 100 years old form hollows for possums and birds

    Help protect them

    • Protect coastal woodlands on your property by fencing to prevent damage
    • Stay on designated paths when visiting bush reserves
    • Dispose of grass and plant cuttings in green waste bins for Council collection

    Download the coastal woodlands factsheet for more information.